The town Jílové is situated on the boundary of the highland called Děčínská vrchovina and the Bohemian Central Highlands (České středohoří), its centre lying at an elevation of 276 m a. s. l. It incorporates several local parts - Jílové, Kamenná, Martiněves, Modrá, Kamenec and Sněžník. Through the town passes the main road No I /13. Since 1964 Jílové is a town, with 5 300 inhabitants (end of 2004). In June 1998 it was granted its emblem and its flag.
From the period before 1300 there is no documentary evidence of the town. It was probably found at the Lusatian trading path following the development of the region around Děčín and Ústí. A record mentions a battle between the Czech duke Soběslav I. and the German Kaiser Lothar III. that took place at the near-by Chlumec in 1126. A legend connects this event also to the hill called Lotarův vrch.
The first evidence of the former name of the town - Eulow - dates back to the year 1348, when king Charles IV. accepted by a document, that burghers of Ústí conquered and destroyed probably fortified farmsteads of unnamed landlords in Jílové and its surroundings.
Later Jílové belonged to the feud of the castle Lipý (Česká Lípa). In the 16 th century it became a part of the demesne Blansko, subsequently belonging to the Jílové-branch of the Knights of Bünau. In 1629 the demesne was sold to the Thun family that resided in Děčín.
A certain evidence of a fortified settlement dates back to the year 1554. In the second half of the 17 th century it was converted into a ch â teau. Two centuries later the romantic park was laid out and the classicism pavilion was built. Between 1842 and 1922 the ch â teau served as a cotton spinning mill. In 1932 Thuns adapted it in neo-renaissance style and seated here till the spring of 1946.
The baroque Trinity Church was built in 1682. After being burnt out in 1859 it was adapted by using historical elements. The railway line Podmokly - Duchcov leading via Jílové was built in 1871. In the past used names of the town: Eulow, Ylau, Ylauia, Gilow, Eule, Eulau, Jilové.
Through the town runs the brook Jílovský potok, rising from the pass Nakléřovský průsmykat an elevation of 713 m a.s.l. In the course of its stream it collects the waters of several minor brooks, e.g. from Červený potok, Hornojílovský potok, Martiněvský potok, and after 20km joins the river Elbe (Labe) in Děčín.
Above the town looms the table mountain Vysoký (Děčínský) Sněžník (723m a.s.l.), the highest point of the highland Děčínská vrchovina. In 1864 a 33m high look-out tower, offering a gorgeous view was built on its top. Some of the well-known places and points that can be seen from here are e.g. the mountain Milešovka, the medieval castle Bezděz, Ještěd with his modern TV-tower, part of the Krkonoše range, the fortress Königstein and towers of the churches in Dresden. From the local part Sněžník one may hike or cycle all the year to the neighbouring Saxony and visit the village Rosenthal - Bielatal. Visitors can explore the surrounding area using a whole network of marked paths and trails.
Other hills around Jílové:
- Výrovna (540ma.s.l.), where the protected yew-trees may be seen.
- Holý vrch (528 m a.s.l.) - the westernmost basalt hill of the Elbe Sandstones.
- Javorský vrch (617 m a.s.l.)
- Lotarův vrch (512 m a.s.l.)
- Klobouk (510 m a.s.l.)
Jílové is partly surrounded by the by the attractive Bohemian Saxon Switzerland, which is another name of the PLA Labské pískovce (Elbe Sandstones). To the south stretches the second PLA called České Středohoří (Bohemian Central Highlands).
This commentary gives just the basic information. Detailed information including photographs can be obtained on the town's internet home page: http://www.mujilove.cz and in promotion materials.
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